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BIRTH OF AN INDUSTRY: BLACKFACE MINSTRELSY AND RISE OF AMERICAN ANIMATION. Nicholas Sammond. Duke University Press, Durham, 2015. 398 pp. with 134 ills. 23 x 15 cm. LC 2015-3368 ISBN 9780822358404 In English.
Paperbound edition also available; see Worldwide 167188. Publisher's description: In Birth of an Industry, Nicholas Sammond describes how popular early American cartoon characters were derived from blackface minstrelsy. He charts the industrialization of animation in the early twentieth century, its representation in the cartoons themselves, and how important blackface minstrels were to that performance, standing in for the frustrations of animation workers. Cherished cartoon characters, such as Mickey Mouse and Felix the Cat, were conceived and developed using blackface minstrelsy's visual and performative conventions: these characters are not like minstrels; they are minstrels. They play out the social, cultural, political, and racial anxieties and desires that link race to the laboring body, just as live minstrel show performers did. Carefully examining how early animation helped to naturalize virulent racial formations, Sammond explores how cartoons used laughter and sentimentality to make those stereotypes seem not only less cruel, but actually pleasurable.
Indexing: Western — United States — 1900-1945, Post-1945 — Video/Film/Performance
Plans: 71
Worldwide Number: 167187
Hardcover $94.95x (libraries receive a 10% discount on this title)    

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